BMC-based teaching, creative skill, learning factory model, vocational education, vocational high school

Document Type



Learning in vocational education must be carried out with collaboration between educators, vocational schools, curriculum alignment, and learning in factories as miniature industries stakeholders to achieve assessment in the form of real assessment so that the achievement of learning objectives follows the needs of students and the world of work. Assessment in the form of assessment must be measured in real terms, with religious, character, moral, and cultural education values and work competencies following community expectations. The objectives to be achieved through this research are to produce a learning program that can improve student competence in Vocational High School (VHS), including identifying the current condition of learning implementation, obtaining learning planning findings, obtaining learning implementation findings, obtaining findings regarding the assessment of learning outcomes, identifying supporting and inhibiting factors, knowing students' perceptions of the implementation of the BMC-based teaching and learning factory model in improving student competence in the concentration of leather and imitation craft design and production expertise in VHS. With the implementation of a learning system using a block system as a teaching and learning factory, the implementation of learning must stimulate students to be more active in improving social skills, emotional skills, spiritual skills, scientific skills, mental skills, kinesthetic skills, as well as entrepreneurial skills, work ethics and safety, and work safety and the environment, which in turn can improve the competence and entrepreneurial character of students, following the vision and mission of the education unit.

Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Andersen, A.-L., Brunoe, T. D., & Nielsen, K. (2019). Engineering education in changeable and reconfigurable manufacturing: Using problem-based learning in a learning factory environment. Procedia CIRP, 81, 7-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2019.03.002

Andra, B. D., Karudin, A., Yufrizal, A., & Abadi, Z. (2022). Pengaruh model pembelajaran teaching factory dan kesiapan guru terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran teknik pemesinan CNC di SMK Negeri 6 Batam. Jurnal Vokasi Mekanika (VoMek), 4(1), 119-124. https://doi.org/10.24036/vomek.v4i1.319

Bauer, H., Brandl, F., Lock, C., & Reinhart, G. (2018). Integration of industrie 4.0 in lean manufacturing learning factories. Procedia Manufacturing, 23, 147-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.04.008

Büth, L., Blume, S., Posselt, G., & Herrmann, C. (2018). Training concept for and with digitalization in learning factories: An energy efficiency training case. Procedia Manufacturing, 23, 171-176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.04.012

Centea, D., Singh, I., & Elbestawi, M. (2019). SEPT approaches for education and training using a learning factory. Procedia Manufacturing, 31, 109-115. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2019.03.018

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design : qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (4th ed.). Sage Publication. https://fe.unj.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/Research-Design_Qualitative-Quantitative-and-Mixed-Methods-Approaches.pdf

Diwangkoro, E., & Soenarto, S. (2020). Development of teaching factory learning models in vocational schools. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1456(1), 012046. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1456/1/012046

Elbestawi, M., Centea, D., Singh, I., & Wanyama, T. (2018). SEPT learning factory for industry 4.0 education and applied research. Procedia Manufacturing, 23, 249-254. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.04.025

ElMaraghy, H., Moussa, M., ElMaraghy, W., & Abbas, M. (2017). Integrated product / system design and planning for new product family in a changeable learning factory. Procedia Manufacturing, 9, 65-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2017.04.008

Jooste, J. L., Louw, L., Leipzig, K. von, Conradie, P. D. F., Asekun, O. O., Lucke, D., & Hagedorn-Hansen, D. (2020). Teaching maintenance plan development in a learning factory environment. Procedia Manufacturing, 45, 379-385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.04.040

Kucukaltan, B., Irani, Z., & Acar, A. Z. (2022). Business model canvas for humanitarian operations of logistics service providers. Production Planning & Control, 33(6-7), 590-605. https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2020.1834128

Lang, S., Reggelin, T., Jobran, M., & Hofmann, W. (2018). Towards a modular, decentralized and digital industry 4.0 learning factory. 2018 Sixth International Conference on Enterprise Systems (ES), 123-128. https://doi.org/10.1109/ES.2018.00026

Lestari, E., Rusdarti, R., & Widiyanto, W. (2021). The teaching factory-based BMC application model for improving students' creativity of Central Java Public Vocational High Schools in Semarang. Journal of Economic Education, 10(1), 62-29. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/jeec/article/view/41866

Lindvig, K., & Mathiasen, H. (2020). Translating the learning factory model to a Danish Vocational Education Setting. Procedia Manufacturing, 45, 90-95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.04.077

Louw, L., & Droomer, M. (2019). Development of a low cost machine vision based quality control system for a learning factory. Procedia Manufacturing, 31, 264-269. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2019.03.042

Mavrikios, D., Georgoulias, K., & Chryssolouris, G. (2018). The teaching factory paradigm: Developments and outlook. Procedia Manufacturing, 23, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.04.029

Mourtzis, D., Siatras, V., Angelopoulos, J., & Panopoulos, N. (2020). An augmented reality collaborative product design cloud-based platform in the context of learning factory. Procedia Manufacturing, 45, 546-551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.04.076

Mudassar, B. A., Ko, J. H., & Mukhopadhyay, S. (2018). Edge-cloud collaborative processing for intelligent internet of things. Proceedings of the 55th Annual Design Automation Conference, 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1145/3195970.3196036

Nurhasanah, N., Ahman, E., & Yusuf, S. (2022). Pengembangan model pembelajaran teaching factory. Jurnal Basicedu, 6(5), 7986-7993. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v6i5.3723

Pittich, D., Tenberg, R., & Lensing, K. (2020). Learning factories for complex competence acquisition. European Journal of Engineering Education, 45(2), 196-213. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2019.1567691

Rukmana, A. R., Rahmawati, A., Murni, J. S., & Adzani, V. H. (2021). Evaluasi program bantuan pelaksanaan teaching factory di SMK Jakarta Pusat 1. Aksara: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Nonformal, 7(3), 959-966. https://doi.org/10.37905/aksara.7.3.959-966.2021

Santosa, H. (2018). Pengelolaan pembelajaran berbasis teaching factory program kompetensi busana butik di SMK Muhammadiyah Susukan Kabupaten Semarang [Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta]. https://eprints.ums.ac.id/67201/2/02. HALAMAN DEPAN.pdf

Simanjuntak, M. (2021). Designing of service dominant logic and business model canvas: Narrative study of village tourism. Golden Ratio of Marketing and Applied Psychology of Business, 1(2), 73-80. https://doi.org/10.52970/grmapb.v1i2.60

Suhariyanto, S. (2019). Berita resmi statistik 6 Mei 2019. Badan Pusat Statistik. https://www.bps.go.id/press-release/2019/05/06/234/berita-resmi-statistik.html

Triyanto, T., Jerusalem, M. A., & Fitrihana, N. (2019). Bussines model canvas of teaching factory fashion design competency Vocational High School in Yogyakarta. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1273(1), 012049. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1273/1/012049

Tvenge, N., Martinsen, K., Sudha, S., & Keshav, V. (2016). Combining learning factories and ICT-based situated learning. Procedia CIRP, 54, 101-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.03.031

Umeda, Y., Ota, J., Kojima, F., Saito, M., Matsuzawa, H., Sukekawa, T., Takeuchi, A., Makida, K., & Shirafuji, S. (2019). Development of an education program for digital manufacturing system engineers based on 'Digital Triplet' concept. Procedia Manufacturing, 31, 363-369. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2019.03.057

Zancul, E., Martins, H. O., Lopes, F. P., & Neto, F. A. T. V. da S. (2020). Machine vision applications in a learning factory. Procedia Manufacturing, 45, 516-521. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.04.069