motivation, satisfaction, vocational education, two-year diploma program, community college

Document Type



Lack of students enrolling in diploma programs compared to what occurred Germany is a sign that Indonesian high school graduates are discouraged from enrolling in the program. Previous studies have mostly focused on the perception and expectation toward vocational high school, leaving motivation and satisfaction under-researched. This study aims to look at the motivation of students enrolling at the two-year diploma and how satisfied they are with the program. Factors contributing to their satisfaction would be presented accordingly. The study used a qualitative research approach with a case study design by examining current students at AKN Aceh Barat. A focus group discussion coupled with interview were employed to obtain the data and a total of 23 first year diploma students participated in the study. The study found that students were encouraged to enroll for the diploma program due to practical skill benefit, short durational advantage, and financial constraints of their families. They valued practical skills over theoretical knowledge and a short time of study over four years in college. The financial constraint also implies that most students enrolled in the program originate from financially unfortunate families. Most students have been satisfied with the program indicating that their initial motivation has been fulfilled. Factors contributing to their satisfaction include practical skills, theoretical knowledge, laboratory facilities, building infrastructure, and the number of students. They have been satisfied with the balance between practical skills and theoretical balance offered by the program yet felt the need for improvement in the other areas.

Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





AKN Aceh Barat. (2019). Akademi Komunitas Negeri Aceh Barat. https://aknacehbarat.ac.id

Arellano, R., Masykar, T., & Almulhim, A. (2019). The rationale for a proposal for English language education: The experience of developing a curriculum to teach English for young learners. Proceedings of the 1st Aceh Global Conference (AGC 2018), 179-185. https://doi.org/10.2991/agc-18.2019.27

Chareonwongsak, K. (2018). Balancing theory with practice. University World News: The Global Window on Higher Education. https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20180523132915572

Chingos, M. M., & Whitehurst, G. J. "Russ." (2011). Class size: What research says and what it means for state policy. Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/research/class-size-what-research-says-and-what-it-means-for-state-policy/

Fatahillah, A., & Triyono, M. B. (2019). Graduates' perception on the importance of special job market in state vocational high schools in Langsa City. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 9(2), 197-206. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v9i2.26361

Hermanto, F. Y., Sutirman, S., Hidayati, B., & Sholikah, M. (2019). The need of practical teaching in vocational high school of Automation and Office Management Program. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 9(3), 238-248. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v9i3.26734

Houghton, C., Murphy, K., Shaw, D., & Casey, D. (2015). Qualitative case study data analysis: An example from practice. Nurse Researcher, 22(5), 8-12. https://doi.org/10.7748/nr.22.5.8.e1307

Ishak, A. A. A., & Sukirman, A. S. (2019). Ekspektasi dan persepsi mahasiswa akuntansi terhadap kualitas pendidikan yang ditawarkan Politeknik Negeri Ujung Pandang melalui jalur mandiri. Journal of Applied Managerial Accounting, 3(1), 9-15.

Karmel, T., & Nguyen, N. (2006). The value of completing a vocational education and training qualification. National Centre for Vocational Education Research.

Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. (2002). Designing and conducting focus group interviews. https://www.eiu.edu/ihec/Krueger-FocusGroupInterviews.pdf

Law of Republic of Indonesia No. 12 of 2012 on Higher Education, (2012).

Majid, A. (2012). Faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap minat siswa SMP masuk SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 2(3), 285-292. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v2i3.1037

Masykar, T. (2019). Analisa kebutuhan English for specific purpose untuk pendidikan vokasi. VOCATECH: Vocational Education and Technology Journal, 1(1), 47-50. https://doi.org/10.38038/vocatech.v1i0.9

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldaña, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook (3rd ed.). Sage.

Munandar, A. S. (2001). Psikologi industri dan organisasi. UI Press.

Nursalam, N., & Efendi, F. (2008). Pendidikan dalam keperawatan. Salemba Medika.

Qamariah, R., & Sudrajat, A. (2013). Motif keluarga dalam pemenuhan kebutuhan psikososial lansia. Jurnal Paradigma, 1(3), 1-7. https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/paradigma/article/view/4043/6558

Saputri, N. L. E., Artana, M., & Haris, I. A. (2013). Persepsi siswa SMP kelas IX tentang sekolah menengah kejuruan (Studi kasus pada siswa kelas IX SMPN1 Sukawati dan SMPN1 Blahbatuh). Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi Undiksha, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.23887/jjpe.v3i1.1240

Setiawati, L., & Sudira, P. (2015). Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi prestasi belajar praktik kejuruan siswa SMK program studi Keahlian Teknik Komputer dan Informatika. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 5(3), 325-339. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v5i3.6487

Spees, A.-C. (2018). Could Germany's vocational education and training system be a model for the U.S.? World Education News + Reviews. https://wenr.wes.org/2018/06/could-germanys-vocational-education-and-training-system-be-a-model-for-the-u-s

Sriwardani, N. (2011). Persepsi mahasiswa terhadap perkembangan pendidikan vokasi di program pendidikan teknik mesin. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 1(1), 179-190. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v1i1.5813

STAIN Dirundeng. (2019). Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Teungku Dirundeng Meulaboh. https://staindirundeng.ac.id/

Sunarko, S. (2009). Persepsi siswa tentang pencitraan Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan (SMK) di Kabupaten Trenggalek. Teknologi Dan Kejuruan: Jurnal Teknologi, Kejuruan Dan Pengajarannya, 32(2), 177-186. https://doi.org/10.17977/tk.v32i2.3099

Universitas Teuku Umar. (2019). Universitas Teuku Umar. http://www.utu.ac.id/

Utami, L. D. (2019, December). Ainun Naim bicara soal program studi vokasi usai dilantik Nadiem Makarim jadi Sekjen Kemendikbud. Tribunnews.Com. https://www.tribunnews.com/nasional/2019/12/16/ainun-naim-bicara-soal-program-studi-vokasi-usai-dilantik-nadiem-makarim-jadi-sekjen-kemendikbud

Wulandari, S. I., Putro, S. C., & Rahmawati, Y. (2015). Pengaruh persepsi orang tua dan siswa terhadap minat masuk SMK. TEKNO, 23(1), 60-70. http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/tekno/article/view/5159/3915

Zainun, B. (2007). Manajemen dan motivasi. Balai Aksara.