Community, Deconstructive Reading Method, Fiction Novel, Irony, Socio-Political

Document Type



The socio-political fiction novel is generally realistic and gives an implicit picture of the social environment of a place. This type of reading is less popular because it is difficult to interpret and is also of less interest to readers than other literature. One of the works that can reflect this literary type is the novel entitled "Orang-Orang Proyek" by Ahmad Tohari, which represents the real condition of the Indonesian community under their politic and social circumstances. This paper tries to break down the literary work using the deconstructive-reading method to read a text with multi-interpretation understanding where the version contains many probabilities of meaning. This study will be able to provide insight into the correct reading method according to the purpose and type of literacy used in literary works.

Novel fiksi sosial-politik umumnya realistis dan memberikan gambaran implisit tentang lingkungan sosial suatu tempat. Jenis bacaan ini kurang populer karena sulit untuk ditafsirkan dan juga kurang menarik bagi pembaca daripada literatur lainnya. Salah satu karya yang dapat mencerminkan jenis sastra ini adalah novel berjudul "Orang-Orang Proyek" oleh Ahmad Tohari, yang mewakili kondisi nyata masyarakat Indonesia di bawah kondisi sosial dan politik mereka. Makalah ini mencoba untuk memecah karya sastra menggunakan metode membaca dekonstruktif untuk membaca teks dengan pemahaman multi-interpretasi di mana representasi mengandung banyak kemungkinan makna. Penelitian ini akan dapat memberikan wawasan tentang metode membaca yang benar sesuai dengan tujuan dan jenis literasi yang digunakan dalam karya sastra.

First Page


Last Page


Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Andersson, R. (2018). The myth of Sweden's success: A deconstructive reading of the discourses in gender mainstreaming texts. European Journal of Women's Studies, 25(4), 455-469.

Avenier, M. (2011). Les paradigmes épistémologiques constructivistes : post-modernisme ou pragmatisme ? Management & Avenir, 43(3), 372.

Bennett, A., & Royle, N. (2016). An introduction to literature, criticism, and theory. Abingdon: Routledge.

Burhan, B. (2011). Penelitian Kualitatif: Komunikasi, Ekonomi, Kebijakan Publik, Dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya. Jakarta: Kencana.

Blythe, M. (2014). The hitchhiker's guide to ubicomp: Using techniques from literary and critical theory to reframe scientific agendas. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 18(4), 795-808.

Day, G. (2011). Allegory : Between Deconstruction and Dialectics. Spring, 22(1), 105-118.

Davis, N., Fletcher, J., Brooker, B., Everatt, J., Gillon, G., Mackey, J., & Morrow, D. (2010). E-learning for adult literacy, language and numeracy: A review of the literature. Wellington: Ministry of Education.

Hardie, P. & Moore, H. (2010). Classical Literary Careers and Their Reception. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 330 p.

Justman, S. (2010). Bibliotherapy: Literature as Exploration reconsidered. Academic Questions, 23(1), 125-135.

Kershner, R. B. (2014). Intertextuality. The Cambridge Companion to Ulysses. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp 171-183.

Lund, N. (2014). Language and Thought. Abingdon: Routledge. 142 p.

Ma, A. R. (2011). Some Proposals to Cope with Forms of Irony Typically Found in Literary Texts from a Relevance-Theoretical Perspective. Studies in Literature and Language, 2(2), 127.

Norris, C. (2010). The Deconstructive Turn (Routledge Revivals): Essays in the Rhetoric of Philosophy. Abingdon: Routledge.

Osborne, J., Simon, S., & Collins, S. (2003). Attitudes towards science: A review of the literature and its implications. International Journal of Science Education, 25(9), 1049-1079.

Polletta, F., Chen, P., Gardner, B., & Motes, A. (2011). The Sociology of Storytelling. Annual Review of Sociology, 37(1), 109-130.

Sim, S. (2011). The Lyotard Dictionary. Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Thistlethwaite, J., Jackson, A., & Moran, M. (2013). Interprofessional collaborative practice: A deconstruction. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 27(1), 50-56.

Tohari, A. (2015). Orang-orang proyek. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Wilson, D. (2013). Irony comprehension: A developmental perspective. Journal of Pragmatics, 59, 40-56.