ecotourism, Pancasila, Tengger

Document Type



Currently, the role of tourism significantly influences the economy of Indonesia. Ecotourism is an environmentally conscious tourism activity that prioritizes the preservation of nature, and empowerment of the local community in terms of social, cultural, and economic aspects, as well as learning and education. In the village of Poncokusumo, the local cultural tradition known as Hari Raya Karo is still preserved to this day. Hari Raya Karo, or Yadnya Karo, is the second major festival after Kasada. This research adopts a qualitative descriptive methodology. The findings from field research encompass the entire series of Hari Raya Karo ceremonies, which can be sequentially described as follows: (1) opening ceremony, (2) sodoran, (3) puja sesanti, (4) andon mangan, and (5) sadranan and tari ojung. On the other hand, the Selamatan Desa ceremony follows the following order: (1) visiting graves, (2) ater tumpeng, (3) tandakan, (4) entertainment, and (5) sadranan. Observing the transition from Hari Raya Karo to Selamatan Desa, ritual changes have occurred. Hari Raya Karo is conducted by the entire Tengger community in the Bromo Mountain region, including those practicing Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity, both in Brang Wetan (Probolinggo and Lumajang Regencies) and Brang Kulon (Malang and Pasuruan Regencies). Conversely, the Selamatan Desa ceremony is explicitly carried out by the residents of Poncokusumo village.

First Page


Last Page


Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Al-Fatih, S., Saxon, Z., & Murtadho, A. (2021). Study of the value of culture and local wisdom in the indigenous people of Tengger tribe. JHR (Jurnal Hukum Replik), 9(1), 84. https://doi.org/10.31000/jhr.v9i1.4212

Andriawan, W. (2022). Pancasila perspective on the development of legal philosophy: Relation of justice and progressive law. Volksgeist: Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Dan Konstitusi, 5(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.24090/volksgeist.v5i1.6361

Azeharie, S., Paramita, S., & Sari, W. P. (2019). Studi budaya nonmaterial warga Jaton. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 3(6), 1153-1162. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v3i6.279

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. SAGE Publications.

Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2018). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (4th ed.). SAGE.

de Grosbois, D., & Fennell, D. A. (2022). Sustainability and ecotourism principles adoption by leading ecolodges: Learning from best practices. Tourism Recreation Research, 47(5-6), 483-498. https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2021.1875170

Fitria, A., & Tanggok, M. I. (2020). Inter-religious tolerance in Indonesia from the perspective of Pancasila philosophy. Al-Albab, 9(2), 265-274. https://doi.org/10.24260/alalbab.v9i2.1876

Gumanti, R. (2019). Reconceptualizing consumer contracts in the philosophical perspective of Pancasila. Prophetic Law Review, 1(1), 37-57. https://doi.org/10.20885/PLR.vol1.iss1.art3

Koendjaraningrat. (2015). Pengantar ilmu antropologi. RIneka Cipta.

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2018). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook. SAGE Publications.

Nahak, H. M. I. (2019). Upaya melestarikan budaya indonesia di era globalisasi. Jurnal Sosiologi Nusantara, 5(1), 65-76. https://doi.org/10.33369/jsn.5.1.65-76

Nufus, A., Novitasari, N., Winanta, R., & Irnawati, I. (2021). The values existence of President Soekarno's idea about Ekasila in the social life of Indonesian society. Proceedings of the 1st Tidar International Conference on Advancing Local Wisdom Towards Global Megatrends, TIC 2020, 21-22 October 2020, Magelang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.21-10-2020.2311932

Prasetyo, Y. (2022). Indonesian integral law based on Pancasila. Pancasila and Law Review, 3(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.25041/plr.v3i1.2443

Purnomo, P., Oktaviani, A. I., & Nugroho, I. (2018). The sacred site: The conservation based on the local people in Tengger community and its potential as ecotourism activities. Journal of Socioeconomics and Development, 1(1), 7-15. https://doi.org/10.31328/jsed.v1i1.517

Purwanti, R. (2018). Effectiveness of local people's perception on ecotourism participation in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Indonesia. Jurnal Ilmiah Administrasi Publik, 4(3), 263-274. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.jiap.2018.004.03.11

Purwanto, E., Sjarief, R., Dawan, A., Tafridj, I. S. I., Ardana, M. V., & Oktiara, D. N. (2021). Unplanned settlement enclave amidst private city developments. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 16(4), 723-729. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsdp.160412

Ratih, E. K., & Juwariyah, A. (2020). Konstruksi sosial upacara adat Karo suku Tengger di Desa Tosari, Kecamatan Tosari, Kabupaten Pasuruan. Jurnal Analisa Sosiologi, 9(2), 526-550. https://doi.org/10.20961/jas.v9i2.42103

Saputro, A. (2021). Sociological foundation of Pancasila education as the original identity of Indonesian society. JED (Jurnal Etika Demokrasi), 6(1), 45-53. https://doi.org/10.26618/jed.v6i1.4576

Setiaini, R. D., & Ganefo, A. (2019). Pandhita Shamans and preservation of local culture (Study of the Tengger tribe in Wonokitri village). Jurnal ENTITAS SOSIOLOGI, 8(2), 39. https://doi.org/10.19184/jes.v8i2.16650

Sukmawan, S., Nurmansyah, M., & Febriani, R. (2021). Sodoran as a means of intromission education for Tenggerese younger generation. Proceedings of the First International Seminar Social Science, Humanities and Education, ISSHE 2020, 25 November 2020, Kendari, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.25-11-2020.2306723

Vasilyeva, М. I. (2020). The legal definition of the concept of ecotourism. Lex Russica, 73(4), 34-52. https://doi.org/10.17803/1729-5920.2020.161.4.034-052

Wibowo, J. M. (2021). Competitiveness of sustainable ecotourism at the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 18(1), 45-62. https://doi.org/10.20886/jpsek.2021.18.1.45-62

Wibowo, J. M., Muljaningsih, S., & Satria, D. (2021). Big data analytics of sustainable ecotourism development in Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability, 5(1), 35-48. https://doi.org/10.22515/sustinere.jes.v5i1.134

Widiastuti, D. (2019). Meaningful work on Tengger ethnic group and Javanese culture. Proceedings of the 4th ASEAN Conference on Psychology, Counselling, and Humanities (ACPCH 2018). https://doi.org/10.2991/acpch-18.2019.51

Wiyono, S. (2013). Reaktualisasi Pancasila dalam kehidupan berbangsa dan bernegara. Universitas Wisnuwardhana Malang Press.

Yuliartini, N. P. R., Putra, I. B. W., Atmaja, G. M. W., & Mangku, D. G. S. (2022). The construction of national legal systems from Pancasila's perspective. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Pancasila Dan Kewarganegaraan, 7(2), 479. https://doi.org/10.17977/um019v7i2p479-488