civilized, humanity, fair, local wisdom, philosophical ideas, si tou timou tou

Document Type



The article aims to explore the philosophical thinking of Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou (living human to humanize others) concerning the noble values contained in the second principle of the Pancasila, "Just and Civilized Humanity." The background of this paper is the development of the current era that erodes human existence from social man to individualist man. This article is library research by exploring the thoughts of Sam Ratulangi through relevant books and sources and looking for their relevance to the precept of Just and Civilized Humanity. The Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou is the most prominent Minahasan culture and animates the lives of the people of North Sulawesi in general and the people of the Tomohon city in particular. The values in the local wisdom of "Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou" are closely related to the fundamental values found in the second principle of Pancasila. The local wisdom of "Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou" and the second precept of Pancasila place human nature at an essential level in life.

First Page


Last Page


Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Aelenei, C., Darnon, C., & Martinot, D. (2017). Boys, girls, and the school cultural environment: Teachers' judgment and students' values. The Journal of Social Psychology, 157(5), 556-570. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.2016.1243514

Amirrachman, R. A. (2014). Education in the conflict-affected Moluccas: Local tradition, identity politics and school principal leadership. South East Asia Research, 22(4), 561-578. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5367/sear.2014.0235

Ayatrohaedi. (1986). Kepribadian budaya bangsa (local genius). Pustaka Pelajar.

Crick, B. (2002). Democracy: A very short introduction. Oxford University Press.

Dimoulas, C. A., Kalliris, G. M., Chatzara, E. G., Tsipas, N. K., & Papanikolaou, G. v. (2014). Audiovisual production, restoration-archiving and content management methods to preserve local tradition and folkloric heritage. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 15(3), 234-241. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.culher.2013.05.003

Eko, B. S., & Putranto, H. (2019). The role of intercultural competence and local wisdom in building intercultural and inter-religious tolerance. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 48(4), 341-369. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/17475759.2019.1639535

Erskine, A. (2001). Troy between Greece and Rome: Local tradition and imperial power. Oxford University Press.

Flanagan, C., Levine, P., & Settersten, R. (2007). Civic engagement and the transition to adulthood. CIRCLE.

Frick, J. (2017). On the survival of humanity. Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 47(2-3), 344-367.

Gobyah, I. K. (2003). Berpijak pada Kearifan Lokal.

Hadi, P. H. (1996). Jatidiri manusia berdasarkan filsafat organisme whitehead. Kanisius.

Hobbs, R. (2010). Digital and media literacy. A plan of action. In Journal of Craniofacial Surgery (Vol. 23, Issue 5). The Aspen Institute Communications and Society Program One. https://doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0b013e31824e27c7

Huby, G., & Salkind, M. R. (1990). Social work in a multi-racial and multi-cultural environment. Journal of Social Work Practice, 4(2), 90-97.

Kainzbauer, A., & Hunt, B. (2016). Meeting the challenges of teaching in a different cultural environment-evidence from graduate management schools in Thailand. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 36(sup1), 56-68. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/02188791.2014.934779

Kausar, D. R. K., & Gunawan, M. P. (2018). Managing heritage tourism in Toraja: strengthening local values and improving tourists' experiences. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 13(6), 550-561.

Kono, R. (2017). Antara gembala tradisi & nabi masa depan, membaca buku kolintang & kebudayaan: antara tradisi dan moderan.

Latief, Y. (2017). Negara paripurna: historisitas, rasionalisme, dan aktualisasi pancasila (6th ed.). Gramedia.

Loho, A. (2016). Kolintang dan kebudayaan: Antara modernitas dan tradisi. Veritas Dharma Satya.

Loho, A. (2017). Kolintang menembus batas-batas global. http://indonesiasatu.co/detail/ambrosius-loho--kolintang-menembus-batas-batas-global

Lonto, A. L., Lolong, W. R. J., & Pangalila, T. (2016). Hukum Hak Asasi Manusia. Penerbit Ombak.

Manchester, H., & Pett, E. (2015). Teenage kicks: Exploring cultural value from a youth perspective. Cultural Trends, 24(3), 223-231. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/09548963.2015.1066078

Marfai, M. A. (2012). Pengantar etika lingkungan dan Kearifan lokal. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Martono, H. H., Tiyanto, D., & Dwi Surwati, C. H. (2018). Teaching journalism ethics: An evaluative study on teaching model effectiveness. Cogent Arts & Humanities, 5(1), 1498163. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/23311983.2018.1498163

Martoredjo, N. T. (2016). Building character through Pancasila values to sovereign nation. Humaniora, 7(1), 116-121. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21512/humaniora.v7i1.3494

Michels, A., & De Graaf, L. (2017). Examining citizen participation: local participatory policymaking and democracy revisited. Local Government Studies, 43(6), 875-881. https://doi.org/10.1080/03003930.2017.1365712

Miles, A., & Ebrey, J. (2017). The village in the city: Participation and cultural value on the urban periphery. Cultural Trends, 26(1), 58-69.

Mufti Hangabei, S., & Dimyati, K. (2021). The Ideology of Law: Embodying The Religiosity 0f Pancasila In Indonesia Legal Concepts. Law Reform, 17(1), 77. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14710/lr.v17i1.37554

Oancea, A., Florez-Petour, T., & Atkinson, J. (2018). The ecologies and economy of cultural value from research. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 24(1), 1-24. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/10286632.2015.1128418

Pangalila, T. (2018). Toleransi dalam keberagaman masyarakat lokal: studi fenomenologis hubungan antar agama dan etnis pada masyarakat Kota Tomohon Sulawesi Utara.

Pangalila, T., Ngarawula, B., Sadhana, K., Lonto, A. L., & Pasandaran, S. (2018). Local wisdom Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou in forming tolerance of Tomohon City people of North Sulawesi. 1st International Conference on Social Sciences (ICSS 2018).

Rianto, H. (2016). Implementasi nilai kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab di lingkungan sekolah. Sosial Horizon: Jurnal Pendidikan Sosial, 3(1), 80-91. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31571/sosial.v3i1.268

Romika. (2019). Kearifan lokal dalam lirik lagu minahasa "Opo' Wana Natase" (Suatu sumbangan pelestarian budaya di era revolusi industri 4.0). Jubindo: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 4(3), 121-129. https://doi.org/10.32938/jbi.v4i3.389

Ruiz-Lozano, M., Navarro-Galera, A., Tirado-Valencia, P., & de Los Ríos-Berjillos, A. (2019). Can the cultural environment affect governmental transparency on sustainability? Useful measures for policy makers and practitioners. Local Government Studies, 45(4), 481-503. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/03003930.2018.1560271

Schaefer, K., Edwards, D., & Milling, J. M. (2017). Performing Moretonhampstead: Rurality, participation and cultural value. Cultural Trends, 26, 47-57.

Sihotang, K. (2009). Filsafat manusia upaya membangkitkan Humanisme. Kanisius.

Sondak, A. J. (2002). Si Tou Tiimou Tumou Tou (Tou Minahasa): Refleksi atas Nilai-Nilai Manusia. Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Stockwell, E. (2016). Using web-based exploratory tasks to develop intercultural competence in a homogeneous cultural environment. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 53(6), 649-659. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1080/14703297.2015.1049642

Syamsiar, S. (2010). Bentuk-bentuk kearifan lokal dalam kehidupan masyarakat indonesia sebagai sumber gagasan berkarya seni rupa. Jurnal ISI Surakarta, 2(1). http://jurnal.isi-ska.ac.id/index.php/brikolase/article/view/414

Taniredja, T., & Haryono, M. Y. (2014). Pemimpin berkarakter Pancasila. Alfabeta.

Tanjung, C. (2018). Tantangan generasi mileniel di era disrupsi. https://ugm.ac.id/id/newsPdf/17455-tantangan.generasi.mileniel.di.era.disrupsi

Tilaar, H. A. R. (1998). Si Tou Timou Tumou Tou: Suatu konsep pembangunan sumber daya manusia dalam rangka pembangunan Minahasa menuju tinggal landas pembangunan. http://perpustakaan.bappenas.go.id/lontar/file?file=digital/19169-[_Konten_]-Konten 200.pdf

Titus, H. H., Smith, M. S., & Nolan, R. T. (1984). Livign Issues in Philosophy: Persoalan-Persoalan Filsafat (H. M. Rasjidi, Ed.). PT Bulan Bintang.

Wreksosuhardjo, S. (2004). Filsafat Pancasila secara Ilmiah dan Aplikatif. Penerbit Andi.

Sari, W.P. (2018). Studi pertukaran sosial dan peran nilai agama dalam menjaga kerukunan antar kelompok umat beragama di Manado. Profetik Jurnal Komunikasi, 11(1), 96-105.