Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika


homework, students' view, exploratory-descriptive qualitative, pekerjaan rumah (PR), matematika

Document Type



Homework had become a tradition in teaching and learning mathematics in school. Even so, in Indonesia, there is not enough research on homework. Our research is conducted to investigate high school students' views on homework and to provide the basis for further research on homework in Indonesia. In this research, we use exploratory-descriptive qualitative to explore and describe the students' view of homework. We collected the data from 124 high school students by using the structured interview conducted via online form. The data were analyzed by using the thematic analysis. Based on our results, we found that (1) students know that mathematics homework can help them with their academic achievement and their attitudes toward their studies, (2) mathematics homework is not high on their priority, (3) it makes them tired physically and mentally, and (4) students argue that mathematics problems are better to be solved in the class where they can ask the teacher. We also found their difficulties in doing their homework, such as (1) lack of knowledge (2) their teachers do not give them the necessary 'tools' to solve the problems, (3) they can't ask for helping hands if they can't solve the problems (4) some emotional problems such as motivation, and (5) other priorities are higher on their list.

Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Azis, A., & Sugiman, S. (2015). Analisis kesulitan kognitif dan masalah afektif siswa SMA dalam belajar matematika menghadapi ujian nasional. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 2(2), 162-174. https://doi.org/10.21831/jrpm.v2i2.7331

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Cancio, E. J., West, R. P., & Young, K. R. (2004). Improving mathematics homework completion and accuracy of students with EBD through self-management and parent participation. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 12(1), 9-22. https://doi.org/10.1177/10634266040120010201

Cooper, H., Lindsay, J. J., Nye, B., & Greathouse, S. (1998). Relationships among attitudes about homework, amount of homework assigned and completed, and student achievement. Journal of Educational Psychology, 90(1), 70-83. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.90.1.70

Cooper, H., Robinson, J. C., & Patall, E. A. (2006). Does homework improve academic achievement? A synthesis of research, 1987-2003. Review of Educational Research, 76(1), 1-62. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543076001001

Coughlan, S. (2016). Is homework worth the hassle? - BBC News. BBC News.

Damanik, C. (2018). Surat edaran diterbitkan, guru dilarang beri PR ke siswa halaman all - Kompas.com. Kompas.Com.

Davidovitch, N., & Yavich, R. (2017). Views of students, parents, and teachers on homework in elementary school. International Education Studies, 10(10), 90-108. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v10n10p90

Dettmers, S., Trautwein, U., Lüdtke, O., Goetz, T., Frenzel, A. C., & Pekrun, R. (2011). Students' emotions during homework in mathematics: Testing a theoretical model of antecedents and achievement outcomes. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 36(1), 25-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2010.10.001

Fan, H., Xu, J., Cai, Z., He, J., & Fan, X. (2017). Homework and students' achievement in math and science: A 30-year meta-analysis, 1986-2015. Educational Research Review, 20, 35-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2016.11.003

Fernández-Alonso, R., Suárez-Álvarez, J., & Muñiz, J. (2015). Adolescents' homework performance in mathematics and science: Personal factors and teaching practices. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107(4), 1075-1085. https://doi.org/10.1037/edu0000032

Galloway, M., Conner, J., & Pope, D. (2013). Nonacademic effects of homework in privileged, high-performing high schools. The Journal of Experimental Education, 81(4), 490-510. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220973.2012.745469

Güven, U., & Akçay, A. O. (2019). Trends of homework in mathematics: Comparative research based on TIMSS study. International Journal of Instruction, 12(1), 1367-1382. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2019.12187a

Hadi, S., Retnawati, H., Munadi, S., Apino, E., & Wulandari, N. F. (2018). The difficulties of high school students in solvsing higher-order thinking skills problems. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, 76(4), 520-532.

Hardon, A., Hodgkin, C., & Fresle, D. (2004). How to investigate the use of medicines by consumers. World Health Organization and University of Amsterdam.

Hunter, D. J., Mccallum, J., & Howes, D. (2018). Defining exploratory-descriptive qualitative ( EDQ ) research and considering its application to healthcare . Proceedings of Worldwide Nursing Conference 2018.

Khan, N., Ahmad, S. M., Khan, W., & Begum, N. (2015). Teachers' perceptions about homework: A survey of middle schools of Peshawar. Putaj Humanities & Social Sciences, 22(1), 227-234.

Kindsiko, E., & Poltimäe, H. (2019). The poor and embarrassing cousin to the gentrified quantitative academics: What determines the sample size in qualitative interview-based organization studies? Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung, 20(3). https://doi.org/10.17169/fqs-20.3.3200

Lange, T., & Meaney, T. (2011). I actually started to scream: emotional and mathematical trauma from doing school mathematics homework. Educational Studies in Mathematics, 77(1), 35-51. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10649-011-9298-1

Li, G. (2006). What do parents think? Middle-class Chinese immigrant parents' perspectives on literacy learning, homework, and school-home communication. School Community Journal, 16(2), 27-46.

Mikk, J. (2006). Students' homework and TIMSS 2003 mathematics results. Online Submission, 2005.

Pezdek, K., Berry, T., & Renno, P. A. (2002). Children's mathematics achievement: The role of parents' perceptions and their involvement in homework. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94(4), 771-777. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.94.4.771

Pratama, G. S., & Retnawati, H. (2018). Urgency of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Content Analysis in Mathematics Textbook. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1097(2018), 012147. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1097/1/012147

Pratt, M. W., Green, D., MacVicar, J., & Bountrogianni, M. (1992). The mathematical parent: Parental scaffolding, parenting style, and learning outcomes in long-division mathematics homework. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 13(1), 17-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/0193-3973(92)90003-Z

Rahmawati, E. (2008). Upaya peningkatan prestasi belajar matematika siswa melalui tugas pekerjaan rumah dan umpan balik pada sub pokok bahasan segi empat di SMP Negeri I Gondangrejo. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Rajoo, M., & Veloo, A. (2015). The relationship between mathematics homework engagement and mathematics achievement. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, January, 136-144.

Ramdass, D., & Zimmerman, B. J. (2011). Developing self-regulation skills: The important role of homework. Journal of Advanced Academics, 22(2), 194-218. https://doi.org/10.1177/1932202X1102200202

Reid-Searl, K., & Happell, B. (2012). Supervising nursing students administering medication: a perspective from registered nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(13-14), 1998-2005. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03976.x

Roschelle, J., Feng, M., Murphy, R. F., & Mason, C. A. (2016). Online mathematics homework increases student achievement. AERA Open, 2(4), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1177/2332858416673968

Rumasoreng, M. I., & Sugiman, S. (2014). Analisis kesulitan matematika siswa SMA/MA dalam menyelesaikan soal setara UN di Kabupaten Maluku Tengah. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 1(1), 22-34. https://doi.org/10.21831/jrpm.v1i1.2661

Sabri, M., Retnawati, H., & Fitriatunisyah. (2019). The implementation of authentic assessment in mathematics learning. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1200(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1200/1/012006

Sandelowski, M. (1995). Sample size in qualitative research. Research in Nursing & Health, 18(2), 179-183. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.4770180211

Sandelowski, M. (2000). Whatever happened to qualitative description? Research in Nursing & Health, 23(4), 334-340. https://doi.org/10.1002/1098-240X(200008)23:4<334::AID-NUR9>3.0.CO;2-G

Sandelowski, M. (2010). What's in a name? Qualitative description revisited. Research in Nursing & Health, 33(1), 77-84. https://doi.org/10.1002/nur.20362

Saragih, G. B. A., Palobo, M., & Sianturi, M. (2019). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi siswa dalam mengerjakan pekerjaan rumah matematika siswa Madrasah Aliyah Al-Munawwaroh Merauke tahun akademik 2017/2018. Musamus Journal of Mathematics Education, 1(2), 62-73. https://doi.org/10.35724/mjme.v1i2.1371

Stebbins, R. (2001). Exploratory research in the social sciences. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412984249

Susilo, M. B., & Retnawati, H. (2018). An analysis of metacognition and mathematical self-efficacy toward mathematical problem solving ability. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1097(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1097/1/012140

Tias, A. A. W., & Wutsqa, D. U. (2015). Analisis kesulitan siswa SMA dalam pemecahan masalah matematika kelas XII IPA di Kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 2(1), 28-39. https://doi.org/10.21831/jrpm.v2i1.7148

Trautwein, U., & Köller, O. (2003). The relationship between homework and achievement - still much of a mystery. In Educational Psychology Review (Vol. 15, Issue 2, pp. 115-145). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023460414243

Warton, P. M. (2001). The forgotten voices in homework: Views of students. Educational Psychologist, 36(3), 155-165. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15326985EP3603_2

Wasida, M. R., & Hartono, H. (2018). Analisis kesulitan menyelesaikan soal model ujian nasional matematika dan self-efficacy siswa SMA. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 5(1), 82-95. https://doi.org/10.21831/jrpm.v5i1.10060

Wiesenthal, R., Cooper, B. S., Greenblatt, R., & Marcus, S. (1997). Relating school policies and staff attitudes to the homework behaviours of teachers. Journal of Educational Administration, 35(4), 348-370. https://doi.org/10.1108/09578239710171938

Wijaya, A., Retnawati, H., Setyaningrum, W., Aoyama, K., & Sugiman. (2019). Diagnosing students' learning difficulties in the eyes of Indonesian mathematics teachers. Journal on Mathematics Education, 10(3), 357-364. https://doi.org/10.22342/jme.10.3.7798.357-364

Wuriyanti, N. (2012). Optimalisasi peran orang tua dalam pengerjaan tugas rumah untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika pada siswa kelas III SD Negeri 04 Kuto tahun pelajaran 2010/2011. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Xu, J., & Yuan, R. (2003). Doing homework: Listening to students,' parents,' and teachers' voices in one urban middle school community. School Community Journal, 13(2), 25-44.

Zhang, J. (2019). Homework: An overload on Chinese school children. International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences, 4(3), 821-824. https://doi.org/10.22161/ijels.4.3.37