Project Citizen, Pro-Social Awareness, civic education

Document Type



Students' learning activities cannot be separated from various factors. The purpose of this study was to determine how project citizen model developed students' pro-social awareness. This study was motivated by diminishing pro- social awareness among students. This study was conducted qualitatively by using case study. The results showed that through project citizen model, students' pro-social awareness could develop. Besides, project citizen model could help students think critically about social reality. This study recommended to maximize the use of project citizen as a learning model that could develop various potencies of students.

First Page


Last Page


Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Aboutorabi, R. (2015). Heidegger, education, nation and race. Policy Futures in Education, 13(4), 415-423. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478210315571219

Anggitasari, D. W., & Awalya. (2017). Pengaruh layanan penguasaan konten dengan teknik modeling simbolik terhadap perilaku prososial mahasiswa. Indonesian Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 5(3), 13-18. https://doi.org/10.15294/ijgc.v5i4.13514

Anker, A. E., Feeley, T. H., & Kim, H. (2010). Examining the attitude-behavior relationship in prosocial donation domains. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 40(6), 1293-1324. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.2010.00619.x

Bahmani, S. (2016). Improved critical thinking in students using current events journaling. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 36(3/4), 190-202. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-04-2015-0038

Black, D. W. (2021). Old ideas, not new ones, are the key to education "” and democracy. Phi Delta Kappan, 102(5), 38-41. https://doi.org/10.1177/0031721721992564

Borden, V. M. H., & Holthaus, G. C. (2018). Accounting for student success: Academic and stakeholder perspectives that have shaped the discourse on student success in the United States. International Journal of Chinese Education, 7(1), 150-173. https://doi.org/10.1163/22125868-1234009

Botha, W. J. J. (2001). Pre"qualification education of registered accountants and auditors in South Africa: Perspectives on whether the education process is normatively justifiable. Meditari Accountancy Research, 9(1), 33-59. https://doi.org/10.1108/10222529200100002

Brown, T., & Murdolo, Y. (2016). Approaches to study across four year-levels of undergraduate occupational therapy students: Similar or different? British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 79(12), 752-761. https://doi.org/10.1177/0308022616662482

Budimansyah, D. (2009). Inovasi pembelajaran project citizen. SPS-UPI.

Budimansyah, D., & Suryadi, K. (2008). PKN dan masyarakat multikultural. Program Studi Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Chen, J. (2019). Values reconciliation: Constructing the exemplary ideal personhood through overseas education. Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 48(1), 29-49. https://doi.org/10.1177/1868102619849761

Clycq, N. (2016). 'We value your food but not your language': Education systems and nation-building processes in Flanders. European Educational Research Journal, 16(4), 407-424. https://doi.org/10.1177/1474904116668885

Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Pearson.

de Graaf, G., & Paanakker, H. (2014). Good Governance: Performance Values and Procedural Values in Conflict. The American Review of Public Administration, 45(6), 635-652. https://doi.org/10.1177/0275074014529361

Deepty, G., & Geeta, T. (2015). A study of prosocial behaviour and self concept of adolescents. I-Manager's Journal on Educational Psychology, 8(4), 38-46. https://doi.org/10.26634/jpsy.9.1.3524

Edison, J. C., & Singla, H. K. (2019). Do public and private project infrastructure expenditure in states contribute to the economic growth of nation? Evidence from India. The Indian Economic Journal, 67(1-2), 9-29. https://doi.org/10.1177/0019466220941663

Endsley, M. R. (2015). Situation awareness misconceptions and misunderstandings. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 9(1), 4-32. https://doi.org/10.1177/1555343415572631

Fajri, I., Yusuf, R., & Ruslan. (2018). Project citizen learning model in developing civic disposition of high school students through the subject of Pancasila education citizenship. Proceedings of the International Conference on the Roles of Parents in Shaping Children's Characters (ICECED), 393-404.

Gonzalez, H. C., Hsiao, E.-L., Dees, D. C., Noviello, S. R., & Gerber, B. L. (2020). Promoting critical thinking through an evidence-based skills fair intervention. Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching & Learning, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/jrit-08-2020-0041

Granados, J. (2018). The challenges of higher education in the 21st century. http://www.guninetwork.org/articles/challenges-higher-education-21st-century

Hewege, C. R., & Perera, L. C. R. (2013). Pedagogical significance of wikis: Towards gaining effective learning outcomes. Journal of International Education in Business, 6(1), 51-70. https://doi.org/10.1108/18363261311314953

Hidayah, Y., Halimah, L., Trihastuti, M., Dewie, D. A., Feriandi, Y. A., & Dianasari, D. (2020). How did prospective elementary school teacher learn citizenship education during the pandemic covid-19 in Indonesia? IJERI: International Journal of Educational Research and Innovation, 15(15), 373-387. https://doi.org/10.46661/ijeri.5329

Hidayah, Y., & Retnasari, L. (2020). Reorientasi Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan pada sekolah dasar dalam wacana kewarganegaraan smart and good citizen. Jurnal Citizenship: Media Publikasi Pendidikan Pancasila Dan Kewarganegaraan, 2(1), 27. https://doi.org/10.12928/citizenship.v2i1.12938

Hidayah, Y., Sapriya, Darmawan, C., & Malihah, E. (2020a). Penggalangan civic literacy melalui organisasi kemahasiswaan dan pandangan mengenai tantangan demokrasi di Indonesia. Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi, 7(1), 31-46. https://doi.org/10.22146/jps.v7i1.57674

Hidayah, Y., Sapriya, Dermawan, C., & Malihah, E. (2020). Learning service through college student organization as a political awareness on higher education. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1446, 12052. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1446/1/012052

Hidayah, Y., Sapriya, S., Darmawan, C., & Malihah, E. (2020b). Student organizations as voluntary groups in tertiary education: Enculturation and balancing political engagement for Indonesian generation Z. The International Journal of Civic, Political, and Community Studies, 18(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.18848/2327-0047/CGP/v18i01/1-12

Howlett, C., Ferreira, J.-A., & Blomfield, J. (2016). Teaching sustainable development in higher education. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 17(3), 305-321. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-07-2014-0102

Hyejin, B., Dongwon, C., Sukki, Y., Hyun, B. T., & Yeonshin, K. (2021). Message assertiveness and price discount in prosocial advertising: differences between Americans and Koreans. In European Journal of Marketing: Vol. ahead-of-p (Issue ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/EJM-10-2019-0791

Kuosa, T. (2011). Evolution of futures studies. Futures, 43(3), 327-336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.futures.2010.04.001

Lei, W., Weng, W. P. P., & Elangkovan, N. A. (2020). Antecedents of green purchase behaviour: an examination of altruism and environmental knowledge. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 14(1), 63-82. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCTHR-02-2019-0034

Lisa, W., Beate, B., & Laura, K. L. (2009). Assessing quality of critical thought in online discussion. Campus-Wide Information Systems, 26(3), 168-177. https://doi.org/10.1108/10650740910967357

Lok, C. K. (2015). Adoption of smart card-based e-payment system for retailing in Hong Kong using an extended technology acceptance model. In E-services Adoption: Processes by Firms in Developing Nations (Vol. 23B, pp. 255-466). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S1069-09642015000023B003

Lovegreen, V. (2020). Critical Thinking Pedagogy and Quality Assurance in the United States. In H. Flavian (Ed.), From Pedagogy to Quality Assurance in Education: An International Perspective (pp. 13-28). Emerald Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-83867-106-820201004

Malihah, E. (2015). An ideal Indonesian in an increasingly competitive world: Personal character and values required to realise a projected 2045 'Golden Indonesia.' Citizenship, Social and Economics Education, 14(2), 148-156. https://doi.org/10.1177/2047173415597143

Mareš, J. (2017). Prosocial behavior education in children. Acta Technologica Dubnicae, 7(2), 7-16. https://doi.org/10.1515/atd-2017-0009

Martini, E., Trihastuti, M., & Candra, A. A. (2018). Understanding of human rights through civic education in the 21st century. Proceedings of the Annual Civic Education Conference (ACEC 2018), 497-500. https://doi.org/10.2991/acec-18.2018.114

Matthews, K. E. (2018). Engaging students as participants and partners: An argument for partnership with students in higher education research on student success. International Journal of Chinese Education, 7(1), 42-64. https://doi.org/10.1163/22125868-1234008

Medina-Jerez, W., Bryant, C., & Green, C. (2010). Project citizen: Students practice democratic principles while conducting community projects. Science Scope, 33(7), 71-75. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/234675754_Project_Citizen_Students_Practice_Democratic_Principles_While_Conducting_Community_Projects

Morgan, J. (2019). Guilt, self-awareness, and the good will in Kierkegaard's confessional discourses. Studies in Christian Ethics, 33(3), 352-370. https://doi.org/10.1177/0953946818822277

Muhammad, T., Hillman, W., Triani, A., & Sutopo, P. R. P. (2020). Predicting pro-environmental behaviours: the role of environmental values, attitudes and knowledge. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 32(2), 328-343. https://doi.org/10.1108/MEQ-12-2019-0264

Munna, A. S. (2020). International students' learning experience on global curriculum. Journal of Education, 00(0), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022057420972063

Papanikitas, A. (2017). Self-awareness and professionalism. InnovAiT: Education and Inspiration for General Practice, 10(8), 452-457. https://doi.org/10.1177/1755738017710962

Pratama, Y. C. (2015). Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi kemiskinan di Indonesia. ESENSI, 4(2), 210-223. https://doi.org/10.15408/ess.v4i2.1966

Putri, D. A., Karlina-CH, M., Tanaya, J., & Canares, M. (2017). How do citizens benefit from a smart city? A case study of Jakarta, Indonesia. http://webfoundation.org/docs/2017/08/RP-Citizens-and-smart-city-Jakarta-082017.pdf

Quain, S., Yidana, X. D., & Ambotumah, B. B. (2016). Pro-social behavior amongst students of tertiary institutions: An explorative and a quantitative approach. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(9), 26-33. https://www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JEP/article/view/29617/30410

Santi, F. (2019). Situating frames and institutional logics: The social situation as a key institutional microfoundation. In P. Haack, J. Sieweke, & L. Wessel (Eds.), Microfoundations of Institutions (Vol. 65B, pp. 193-209). Emerald Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S0733-558X2019000065B015

Shaw, R. D. (2014). How critical Is critical thinking? Music Educators Journal, 101(2), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0027432114544376

Sukma, H. H., & Evitriana, N. (2019). Pengembangan media audio visual sebagai media pembelajaran menyimak komprehensif berbasis budaya nusantara untuk Kelas III sekolah dasar. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pagelaran Pendidikan Dasar Nasional (PPDN) 2019, 1(1), 408-416. http://seminar.uad.ac.id/index.php/ppdn/article/view/1424

Suyatno, S., Mardati, A., Wantini, W., Pambudi, D. I., & Amurdawati, G. (2019). The impact of teacher values, classroom atmosphere, and student-teacher relationship towards student attitude during learning process. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 18(8), 54-74. https://doi.org/10.26803/ijlter.18.8.4

Tessa, W., Joanna, M. K., Caffrey, G. C., Anthony, A., Cristina, S., Dana, O., Maggie, C., George, M., Amalia, C., Aric, H., & Wendolyn, V. (2020). Library instruction and information literacy 2019. Reference Services Review, 48(4), 601-682. https://doi.org/10.1108/RSR-08-2020-0057

Umayah, A. N., Ariyanto, A., & Yustisia, W. (2017). Pengaruh empati emosional terhadap perilaku prososial yang dimoderasi oleh jenis kelamin pada mahasiswa. Jurnal Psikologi Sosial, 15(2), 72-83. https://doi.org/10.7454/jps.2017.7

Wahyudi, W., Waluya, S. B., Suyitno, H., & Isnarto, I. (2020). Schemata and creative thinking ability in cool-critical-creative-meaningful (3CM) learning. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 22(1), 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-06-2019-0198

Warren, S. J., Wakefield, J. S., & Mills, L. A. (2013). Learning and teaching as communicative actions: Transmedia storytelling. In L. A. Wankel & P. Blessinger (Eds.), Increasing Student Engagement and Retention using Multimedia Technologies: Video Annotation, Multimedia Applications, Videoconferencing and Transmedia Storytelling: Vol. 6 Part F (pp. 67-94). Emerald Group Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1108/S2044-9968(2013)000006F006

Withorn, T., Gardner, C. C., Messer Kimmitt, J., Eslami, J., Andora, A., Clarke, M., Patch, N., Salinas Guajardo, K., & Lunsford, S. (2019). Library instruction and information literacy 2018. Reference Services Review, 47(4), 363-447. https://doi.org/10.1108/RSR-08-2019-0047