Project citizen model, scientific approach, civic competences.

Document Type



This study was aimed at determining the effect of applying a project citizen model with the scientific approach in learning PPKn the mastery of civic competencies. This study uses a quantitative approach with a quasi-experimental research methods. Data collection technique were test, questionnaire and observation. Data were analyzed using t test and Gain Score. The results showed that there is significant influence implementation of the project citizen model with the scientific approach to learning PPKn the mastery of civic competencies compared using problem-based learning model with a scientific approach. It is shown results posttest control group and experiment to 7.182> 2.000 ttabel. In every dimension of civic competencies also shows the results of a significant difference, namely: civic knowledge (to 6.088> 2.000 ttable), civic skills (to 2,554> ttable 2.000), civic attitude (to 2,055> ttable 2.000). Analysis Gain score in the experimental class showed 0.38 results in the category of "moderate", while the control group showed 0.15 results in the category of "low".

First Page


Last Page


Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Alawiyah, F. (2015). Penghentian sementara kurikulum 2013. Studi Pendidikan Pada Bidang Kesejahteraan Sosial, Pusat Pengkajian Pengolahan Data Dan Informasi (P3DI) Sekretariat Jenderal DPR RI, VII(2), 9–12.

Audigier, F. (2000). Basic concepts and core competencies for education for democratic citizenship. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.

Center for Civic Education. (2006). We the people... project citizen. Calabasas, CA: Center for Civic Education.

Cogan, J. J. (1998). Citizenship Education for the 21st Century: Setting the Context. In J. J. Cogan & R. Derricott (Eds.), Citizenship for the 21 st Century: An Introduction Perspectives on Education (pp. 1–20).

Craddock, A., Fischer, J., & Subreenduth, S. (2007). Research report: Teaching for democracy. Assessing project citizen in poland, south africa, ukraine and the united states. Ohio: International Democratic Education Institute. http://doi.org/10.4324/9780203765081

Doğanay, A. (2012). A curriculum framework for active democratic citizenship education. In M. Print & D. Lange (Eds.), Schools, Curriculum and Civic Education for Building Democratic Citizens (pp. 19–39). Roterdam, Boston, Taipe: Sense Publisher.

Fraillon, J., Schulz, W., & Ainley, J. (2012). ICCS 2009 Asian report: Civic knowledge and attitudes among lower-secondary students in five Asian countries. (J. Fraillon, W. Schulz, & J. Ainley, Eds.), International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) All. Amsterdam: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=ED544595&site=ehost-live

Himmelmann, G. (2013). Competences for teaching, learning and living democratic citizenship. In M. Print & D. Lange (Eds.), Civic Education and Competences for Engaging Citizens in Democracies (pp. 3–7). Roterdam, Boston, Taipe: Sense Publishers.

Joyce, B., Weil, M., & Calhoun, E. (2000). Model of teaching. New York: Allyn and bacon a Pearson Education Company.

Kerr, D. (1999). Citizenship education : An international comparison. London: National Foundation for Educational Research-NFER.

Kintisch, S., & Cordero, W. (1993). Breaking away from the textbook: a new approach to teaching American history. Lancaster, PA: Technomic Publishing Company, Inc.

Liou, S.-M. (2004). The effect of we the people... Project citizen on the civic skills and dispositions of Taiwanese senior high school students. 師大學報: 教育類 (Journal of Taiwan Normal University. Education ), 49(1), 63–89.

Nancy, H. (2001). Using we the people.... programs in social studies teacher education. In J. J. Patrick & R. S. Leming (Eds.), Principles and practices of democracy in the education of social studies teachers (pp. 167–184). Bloomington: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, ERIC Clearinghouse for International Civic Education, and Civitas.

Patrick, J. J., & Vontz, T. S. (2001). Component of Education for Democratic Citizenship in the Preparation of Social Studies Teachers. In J. J. Patrick & Roberts S Leming (Eds.), Principles and Practices of Democracy in the Education of Social Studies teachers. Civic Learning in Teacher Education (Vol. 1, pp. 39–53). Bloomington IN: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education.

Print, M. (2013). Competencies for democratic citizenship in europe. In M. Print & D. Lange (Eds.), Civic Education and Competences for Engaging Citizens in Democracies (pp. 37–50). Roterdam, Boston, Taipe: Sense Publishers.

Print, M., & Lange, D. (Eds.). (2012). Schools, curriculum and civic education for building democratic citizens. Roterdam, Boston, Taipe: Sense Publishers. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-6209-167-2

Pusat Kurikulum Balitbang Depdiknas. (2007). Naskah akademik kajian kebijakan kurikulum Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Jakarta: Pusat Kurikulum Balitbang Depdiknas.

Samsuri. (2011). Model pembelajaran Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan untuk membangun komperensi warga negara. In Kuliah Umum di Program Studi Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan (PPKn) FKIP Universitas Ahmad Dahlan 9 Mei 2011 (pp. 1–13). Yogyakrta.

Samsuri. (2013). Paradigma pendidikan kewarganegaraan dalam kurikulum 2013, (September), 1–11.

Tolo, K. W. (1998). An assessment of we the people...project citizen: promoting citizenship in classrooms and communities. Austin: Lyndon B. School of Public Affairs, The University of Texas Austin.

Vontz, T. S., Metcalf, K. K., & Patrick, J. J. (2000). “ Project Citizen” and the civic development of adolescent students in Indiana, Latvia, and Lithuania. Bloomington IN: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies.

Vontz, T. S., & Nixon, W. A. (1999). Reconsidering issue-centered civic education among early adolescents: Project Citizen in the United States and abroad. In Principles and practices of education for democratic citizenship: International perspectives and projects. Bloomington: IN: ERIC Adjunct Clearinghouse for International Civic Education.