•  
  •  
 

Jurnal Keolahragaan

Keywords

sepatu roda, asuhan gizi olahraga, profil antropometri, biokimia, asupan makan

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh pemberian intervensi gizi berupa edukasi dan konseling gizi pada atlet sepatu roda remaja terhadap status gizi, status hidrasi, status biokimia, dan asupan gizi. Penelitian one group pre and post test design yang melibatkan 11 atlet di Klub Sepatu Roda Kairos Semarang. Variabel terikat adalah profil antropometri (berat badan, tinggi badan, fat mass, massa otot, body water), status hidrasi, status biokimia (kadar gula darah puasa, asam urat, kolesterol, hemoglobin), dan asupan makan. Uji Wilcoxon digunakan untuk menganalisis perbedaan profi antropometri, status hidrasi, status biokimia, dan asupan makan subjek antara sebelum dan sesudah intervensi. Terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada berat badan (p=0,029), fat mass (p=0,003), status hidrasi subjek sebelum latihan (p=0,026), kadar gula darah (p=0,005), kadar hemoglobin (p=0,007), asupan karbohidrat (p=0,029) dan asupan seng (p=0,049) sebelum dan setelah intervensi. Program Asuhan Gizi Olahraga (PAGO) pada atlet sepatu roda terbukti berdampak pada perbaikan beberapa profil antropometri, status biokimia, dan asupan makan.

Program for inline skating athletes as strategies to improve the profile of nutritional status, biochemistry and quality of food intake

Abstract: This study aims to determine the effect of nutrition intervention in the form of nutrition education and counseling for adolescent inline skating athletes on nutritional status, hydration status, biochemical status, and nutritional intake. Methods: One group pre and post test design research on 11 athletes at the Kairos Wheeled Shoes Club Semarang. The dependent variables were anthropometric profiles (body weight, height, fat mass, muscle mass, body water), hydration status, biochemical status (fasting blood sugar levels, uric acid, cholesterol, hemoglobin), and food intake. The Wilcoxon test was used to analyze differences in anthropometric profile, hydration status, biochemical status, and food intake of subjects between before and after the intervention, Results: There was a significant difference in body weight (p = 0.029), fat mass (p = 0.003), hydration status subjects before exercise (p = 0.026), blood sugar levels (p = 0.005), hemoglobin levels (p = 0.007), carbohydrate intake (p = 0.029) and zinc intake (p = 0.049) before and after the intervention. Sports Nutrition Care Programme to inline skates athletes is proven to have an impact on anthropometric profile, biochemical status, and intake.

Page Range

148-158

Issue

2

Volume

9

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

10.21831/jk.v9i2.34747

Source

https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jolahraga/article/view/34747

References

Abood, D. A., Black, D. R., & Birnbaum, R. D. (2004). Nutrition Education intervention for College Female Athletes. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 36(3), 135-137. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/s1499-4046(06)60150-4

Ahuja, P., & Bharti, V. (2014). Nutrition Knowledge of Football Players and Formulation of an Effective Nutrition Communication Package. International Journal of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, 2(2).

Annesi, J. J. (2013). Association of multimodal treatment-induced improvements in stress, exercise volume, nutrition, and weight with improved blood pressure in severely obese women. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 20(3), 397-402. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s12529-012-9240-7

Anup, A., Nahida, P., Islam, R. N., & Kitab, A. (2014). Importance of Anthropometric Characteristics in Athletic Performance from the Perspective of Bangladeshi National Level Athletes ' Performance and Body Type. American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2(4), 123-127. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajssm-2-4-1

Arlinghaus, K. R., & Johnston, C. A. (2017). Advocating for Behavior Change. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 12(2), 113-116. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827617745479.

Barreira, T. V, Harrington, D. M., & Katzmarzyk, P. T. (2014). Cardiovascular Health Metrics and Accelerometer-Measured Physical Activity Levels: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2003-2006. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 89(1), 81-86.

Beard, J. L. (2001). Iron-Deficiency Anemia : Reexamining the Nature and Magnitude of the Public Health Problem. Iron Biology in Immune Function , Muscle Metabolism. American Society for Nutritional Sciences, 568-580.

Bingham, M. E., Borkan, M. E., & Quatromoni, P. A. (2016). Sports Nutrition Advice for Adolescent Athletes : A Time to Focus on Food. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 9(6), 398-402. https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827615598530

Bird, S. (2010). Strength Nutrition: Maximizing Your Anabolic Potential. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 32(4), 80-86. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0b013e3181d5284e

Budiono, I., Setiawan, A., & Kurnia, A. R. (2021). The use participatory action research to improve energy intake of the soccer athletes. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 9(1), 76-85.

Carl, R. L., Johnson, M. D., Martin, T. J., & AAP COUNCIL ON SPORTS MEDICINE AND FITNESS. (2017). Promotion of Healthy Weight- Control Practices in Young Athletes. Pediatrics, 140(3).

Gibson, J. C., Gaul, C., & Janzen, J. (2011). Education and training of sport dietitians in Canada: A review of current practice. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, 72(2), 88-91. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3148/72.2.2011.88

Hermawan, A. N. (2015, May 29). Tingkatkan Teknik, 11 Atlet Sepatu Roda Berguru ke Taiwan. Antara Jateng. Retrieved from https://jateng.antaranews.com/berita/119387/tingkatkan-teknik-11-atlet-sepatu-roda-berguru-ke-taiwan

Jeukendrup, A. E. (2011). Nutrition for endurance sports: Marathon, triathlon, and road cycling. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29, 91-99. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.610348

Kelly, D., Hamilton, J. K., & Riddell, M. C. (2010). Blood Glucose Levels and Performance in a Sports Camp for Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus : A Field Study. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2010, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2010/216167

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2010). Panduan Kesehatan Olahraga Bagi Petugas Kesehatan. Retrieved from http://www.depkes.go.id/

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2013). Angka Kecukupan Gizi yang Dianjurkan Bagi Bangsa Indonesia Tahun 2013.

Khaled, S., Brun, J. F., Cassanas, G., Bardet, L., & Orsetti, A. (1999). Effects of zinc supplementation on blood rheology during exercise. Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation, 20(1), 1-10.

Koehler, K., Braun, H., Achtzehn, S., Hildebrand, U., Predel, H.-G., Mester, J., & Schänzer, W. (2012). Iron status in elite young athletes: Gender-dependent influences of diet and exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112(2), 513-523. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-011-2002-4

Lippi, G., Montagnana, M., Salvagno, G. L., & Guidi, G. C. (2008). Glycaemic Control in Athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29, 7-10. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-964898

Maughan, R. J., Burke, L. M., Dvorak, J., Larson-meyer, D. E., Peeling, P., Phillips, S. M., "¦ Pitsiladis, Y. P. (2018). IOC consensus statement : dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete. Journal Sports Medi, 52, 439-455. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-099027

Moses, M. O., & Duduyemi, B. M. (2016). Sports Participation , Anthropometric and Physiological Profiles of University Athletes. Nigerian Iournal of Physiological Sciences, 31, 063-069.

MZ, N. A., B, K. N., & Tiwuk, S. (2015). Pengaruh Status Nutrisi Terhadap Kebugaran Fisik Atlit Karate di Bandar Lampung. J MAJORITY, 4(6), 1-4.

Nelson, M. C., Story, M., Larson, N. I., Neumark-Sztainer, D., & Lytle, L. A. (2008). Emerging adulthood and college-aged youth: An overlooked age for weight-related behavior change. Obesity (Silver Spring), 16(10), 2205-2211. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2008.365

Noakes, T. D. (2000). Physiological models to understand exercise fatigue and. Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 10, 123-145. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0838.2000.010003123.x

Nurmasyita, Widjanarko, B., & Margawati, A. (2015). Pengaruh intervensi pendidikan gizi terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan gizi , perubahan asupan zat gizi dan indeks massa tubuh remaja kelebihan berat badan. Jurnal Gizi Indonesia, 4(1), 38-47.

Patton-Lopez, M. M., Manore, M. M., Branscum, A., Meng, Y., & Wong, S. S. (2018). Changes in Sport Nutrition Knowledge, Attitudes/Beliefs and Behaviors Following a Two-Year Sport Nutrition Education and Life-Skills Intervention among High School Soccer Players. Nutrients, 10(11), 1636. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111636

Penggalih, Mirza Hapsari Sakti Titis, Dewinta, M. C. N., Fikriyah, C. K., Kustia, N., Zada, A. R., Sofro, Z. M., & Kandarina, B. J. I. K. (2018). Pengaruh suplementasi zink terhadap parameter hematologi atlet sepatu roda setelah latihan e ndurance. Junral Gizi Klinik Indonesia, 15(1), 28-36.

Penggalih, Mirza Hapsari Sakti Titis, Solichah, K. M., Pratiwi, D., Niamilah, I., Dewinta, M. C. N., Nadia, A., "¦ Asyulia, R. (2018). Identifikasi profil antropometri dan pemenuhanzat gizi atlet difabel tenis meja di Indonesia. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 6(2), 162-171.

Penggalih, Miza Hapsari Sakti Titis, & Huriyati, E. (2007). Gaya Hidup, Status Gizi dan Stamina Atlet pada Sebuah Klub Sepakbola. Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat, 23(4), 192-199.

Qureshi, W. T., Alirhayim, Z., Blaha, M. J., Juraschek, S. P., Keteyian, S. J., Brawner, C. A., & Al-Mallah, M. H. (2015). Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Risk of Incident Atrial Fibrillation: Results From the Henry Ford Exercise Testing (FIT) Project. Circulation, 131(21), 1827-1834. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.014833

Reinke, S., Taylor, W. R., Duda, G. N., Von Haehling, S., Reinke, P., Volk, H.-D., "¦ Doehner, W. (2012). Absolute and functional iron deficiency in professional athletes during training and recovery. International Journal of Cardiology, 156(2), 186-191. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2010.10.139

Rhaisa, G., Carvalho, F. De, Vargas, S., Chagas, S., & Toral, N. (2017). Nutritional interventions for adolescents using information and communication technologies ( ICTs ): A systematic review. PLoS ONE, 12(9), 1-12. https://doi.org/e0184509

Rowland, T. (2012). Iron Deficiency in Athletes: An Update. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 6(4), 319-327. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827611431541

Royall, D. (2015). Nutrition Support for Athletes. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, 76(3), 102-102. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3148/cjdpr-2015-023

Saputra, B. A., & Indra, E. N. (2019). Profil Kondisi Fisik Atlet Sepatu Roda Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. MEDIKORA, XVIII(2), 70-78.

Sepriadi, S. (2017). Kontribusi Status Gizi dan Kemampuan Motorik terhadap Kesegaran Jasmani Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 5(2), 194-206.

Smith, J. W., Pascoe, D. D., Passe, D. H., Ruby, B. C., Stewart, L. K., Baker, L. B., & Zachwieja, J. J. (2013). Curvilinear Dose-Response Relationship of Carbohydrate (0-120 gIhj1) and Performance. Journal of the American College of Sport Medicine, 1, 336-341. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31827205d1

Suharno, H. (1992). Ilmu Kepelatihan Olahraga. Yogyakarta: IKIP Yogyakarta.

Thomas, D. T., Erdman, K. A., & Burke, L. M. (2016). Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine: Nutrition and Athletic Performance. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 116(3), 501-528. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2015.12.006

Wolinsky, I., & Driskell, J. A. (2005). Sports Nutrition: Vitamins and Trace Elements (2nd ed.). CRC Press. Retrieved from https://www.routledge.com/Sports-Nutrition-Vitamins-and-Trace-Elements-Second-Edition/Wolinsky-Driskell/p/book/9780367453985

Zuniga, K. E., Downey, D. L., McCluskey, R., & Rivers, C. (2017). Need for and Interest in a Sports Nutrition Mobile Device Application Among Division I Collegiate Athletes. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 27(1), 43-49. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2015-0305

Share

COinS