Jurnal Keolahragaan


swimming boards, interests, papan renang, minat, renang gaya bebas

Document Type



The problem in this study is the lack of student interest in freestyle swimming. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of swimming learning methods using swimming boards and interest in freestyle swimming skills. This type of research is quantitative using quasi-experimental research with a population of elementary school students in the city of Padang, sampling techniques using random purposive sampling, amounting to 26 people, determining the distribution of groups by matching techniques. The study design was carried out pre-test, then treated for 14 meetings and carried out post-test. The test instrument used was the ability to swim freestyle. By using the normality test (liliefors) and data analysis techniques with the t-test, at a significant level (α = 0.05). Then the results of the study showed that: (1) There was a significant influence between the learning methods using the swimming board on students' interest in freestyle swimming, with the results of t-count (15.37)> t-table (1.81).

Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Apriliyanto, R. B. (2017). Pengaruh penerapan alat bantu pull buoy dan papan luncur terhadap hasil belajar renang gaya bebas (crawl stroke) (Studi pada siswa kelas VII SMP Pahlawan Mojosari, Kab. Mojokerto). Jurnal Pendidikan Olahraga Dan Kesehatan, 5(2), 192-197. https://jurnalmahasiswa.unesa.ac.id/index.php/jurnal-pendidikan-jasmani/article/view/21241

Ardiansyah, A., Suherman, A., & Saptani, E. (2018). Pengaruh model pembelajaran hellison dalam penjas terhadap sikap tanggung jawab siswa di sekolah dasar. SpoRTIVE (Sport, Research, Treatment, Innovation of Learning and Value Education), 3(1), 1-10. https://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/SpoRTIVE/article/view/13319

Armen, M., & Rahmadani, A. F. (2019). Development of learning media swimming freestyle based on macromedia flash 8 on students class VIII SMPN 2 Padang. KnE Social Sciences, 3(15), 205. https://doi.org/10.18502/kss.v3i15.4368

Avolio, B. J., Reichard, R. J., Hannah, S. T., Walumbwa, F. O., & Chan, A. (2009). A meta-analytic review of leadership impact research: Experimental and quasi-experimental studies. The Leadership Quarterly, 20(5), 764-784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2009.06.006

Ayom, N. A., & Suryobroto, A. S. (2019). Minat siswa kelas VII SMPN 1 Piyungan terhadap pembelajaran pendidikan jasmani olahraga dan kesehatan dengan Kurikulum 2013. Pendidikan Jasmani Kesehatan Dan Rekreasi, 8(3). http://journal.student.uny.ac.id/ojs/index.php/pjkr/article/view/14714

Badruzaman, B. (2019). The increase of swimming distance ability using tools for flippers & back buoys and kickboard on freestyle swimming learning for sports science students beginners. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Sport Science, Health, and Physical Education (ICSSHPE 2018). https://doi.org/10.2991/icsshpe-18.2019.97

Boettger, R. K., & Lam, C. (2013). An overview of experimental and quasi-experimental research in Technical Communication Journals. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 56(4), 272-293. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPC.2013.2287570

Born, D.-P., Stöggl, T., Petrov, A., Burkhardt, D., Lüthy, F., & Romann, M. (2020). Analysis of freestyle swimming sprint start performance after maximal strength or vertical jump training in competitive female and male junior swimmers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 34(2), 323-331. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003390

Button, A., Button, C., Maraj, B., Jackson, A.-M., & Cotter, J. (2019). Developing a first principles approach to educating water skills for life to children. In Project Report No. 1-46. http://hdl.handle.net/10523/8981

Cardon, G., Verstraete, S., De Clercq, D., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2004). Research Note: Physical activity levels in elementary-school physical education: A comparison of swimming and nonswimming classes. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 23(3), 252-263. https://doi.org/10.1123/jtpe.23.3.252

Elena-Diana, S., & Vladimir, P. (2018). Methodological aspects of learning the freestyle swimming at physical education and sport subject in the higher education of other profiles. Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education and Sport /Science, Movement and Health, 18(2), 403-408. https://www.analefefs.ro/en/anale-fefs/2018/i2supliment/autori/SIMA_ELENA-DIANA___POTOP_VLADIMIR.PDF

Elena-Diana, S., & Vladimir, P. (2019). Biomechanical characteristics of the start in backstroke swimming style in the students of higher education of other profiles. Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education & Sport/Science, Movement & Health, 19(1), 37-43. https://www.analefefs.ro/anale-fefs/2019/i1/pe-autori/SIMA_ELENA-DIANA___POTOP_VLADIMIR.PDF

Fatchurrohman, R. (2017). Pengaruh motivasi berprestasi terhadap kesiapan belajar, pelaksanaan prakerin dan pencapaian kompetensi mata pelajaran produktif. Innovation of Vocational Technology Education, 7(2), 164-174. https://doi.org/10.17509/invotec.v7i2.6292

Fatuhrahmah, U., Darusmin, D. F., & Widiana, H. S. (2020). The intertwining of vocational aptitude and interest: A study among university students in Indonesia. Psychology, Evaluation, and Technology in Educational Research, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.33292/petier.v3i1.58

Febrianta, Y. (2016). Alternatif mengembangkan kemampuan motorik kasar anak usia dini dengan aktivitas akuatik (berenang). Al-Athfal: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak, 2(2), 85-95. http://ejournal.uin-suka.ac.id/tarbiyah/index.php/alathfal/article/view/1269

Gould, D., Feltz, D., Horn, T., & Weiss, M. (1982). Reasons for attrition in competitive youth swimming. Journal of Sport Behavior, 5(3), 155.

Hasanah, H. (2017). Teknik-teknik observasi (Sebuah alternatif metode pengumpulan data kualitatif ilmu-ilmu sosial). At-Taqaddum, 8(1), 21. https://doi.org/10.21580/at.v8i1.1163

Hine, R. G., Hine, D. L., Kiesow III, K. A. F., Stutz, W. A., & Hine, G. (2019). Float for connection to a swimmer in a wave powered vehicle (Patent No. US20190359305A1). https://patents.google.com/patent/US20190359305A1/en

Irmawati, N. L. (2018). Developing character of children with mental disabilities in sport learning. IJDS:Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, 5(2), 152-156. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.IJDS.2018.005.02.1

Kasih, A., Pamungkas, R., & Nugroho, K. P. A. (2020). Survey of physical fitness level of the men's basketball team pre national sport Bangka Belitung 2020. Proceedings of the 1st Unimed International Conference on Sport Science (UnICoSS 2019), 138-140. https://doi.org/10.2991/ahsr.k.200305.039

Kotlyarov, A. (2019). The use of fins in initial training of swimmers aged 8-9 years. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Innovations in Sports, Tourism and Instructional Science (ICISTIS 2019). https://doi.org/10.2991/icistis-19.2019.34

Mirhan, M., & Jusuf, J. B. K. (2016). Hubungan antara percaya diri dan kerja keras dalam olahraga dan keterampilan hidup. Jorpres (Jurnal Olahraga Prestasi), 12(1). https://doi.org/10.21831/jorpres.v12i1.9499

Mu, Cao, Gong, Baiyin, & Li. (2019). A classification method for fish swimming behaviors under incremental water velocity for fishway hydraulic design. Water, 11(10), 2131. https://doi.org/10.3390/w11102131

Opondo, S. O., & Shapiro, M. J. (2019). Subalterns 'speak': migrant bodies, and the performativity of the arts. Globalizations, 16(4), 575-591. https://doi.org/10.1080/14747731.2018.1473373

Potop, V., Sima, E.-D., & Manolachi, V. (2018). Learning the freestyle swimming at physical education and sport subject in the higher education of other profiles. Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods (MJLTM), 8(7), 194-202. http://mjltm.org/files/site1/user_files_a9608a/admin-A-10-1-72-6b38a8a.pdf

Rezki, R., Jatra, R., & SM, N. R. (2019). Analisis teknik renang gaya bebas pada mahasiswa mata kuliah renang Program Studi Penjaskesrek FKIP UIR. Journal Sport Area, 4(1), 259. https://doi.org/10.25299/sportarea.2019.vol4(1).2319

Saputra, S. A., Sukur, A., Tangkudung, J., Dlis, F., & Widiastuti, W. (2019). The experiment of physical education teaching style on different categories of student confidence to improve the swimming learning value (Experimental method using design of treatment by factorial 3x2) at Higher School of Teacher Training and Pedagogy Kus. Journal of Education, Health and Sport, 9(6), 98-120. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3237944

Scurati, R., Michielon, G., Signorini, G., & Invernizzi, P. L. (2019). Towards a Safe Aquatic Literacy: teaching the breaststroke swimming with mobile devices' support. A preliminary study. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19, 1999-2004.

Stets, A., Smith, S. L., & Helton, W. S. (2020). Dual-task interference between swimming and verbal memory. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 62(7), 1132-1140. https://doi.org/10.1177/0018720819871743

Yani, M. A. H., Bayu Aji, S., Ariyanti, I. F., Sukaridhoto, S., Zainuddin, M. A., & Basuki, A. (2019). Implementation of motion capture system for swimmer athlete monitoring. 2019 International Electronics Symposium (IES), 400-405. https://doi.org/10.1109/ELECSYM.2019.8901554

Zecha, D., Einfalt, M., & Lienhart, R. (2019). Refining joint locations for human pose tracking in sports videos. 2019 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops (CVPRW), 2524-2532. https://doi.org/10.1109/CVPRW.2019.00308