Jurnal Keolahragaan


body weight, circuit training, muscle endurance, archery accuracy

Document Type



Restrictions on community activities due to the spread of the Covid-19 virus have changed sports in Indonesia, forcing athletes to practice independently in their respective homes with training programs created by coaches. This study aims to find out the effect of circuit body weight training on arm muscle endurance and archery accuracy of archery athletes. This research is an experimental method of one group pretest-posttest design. This study employed purposive sampling with the criteria of elite archery athletes, still in high school, male, and willing to participate. Total of 12 athletes was given treatment with 8 movements for 16 meetings. The instrument is a holding bow digit test for arm muscle endurance, while archery accuracy uses 50 meters of archery. The collected data were examined for normality and homogeneity, then followed with t-test with the result that t count = 0.00 less than t (0.05). Based on the results, it is concluded that circuit bodyweight training positively improves arm muscle endurance and accuracy of archery athletes. Therefore, giving circuit bodyweight training can be used as a recommendation for physical exercise to increase arm muscle endurance and archery accuracy in archery athletes.

Page Range






Digital Object Identifier (DOI)





Akinci, B., Zenginler Yazgan, Y., & Altinoluk, T. (2020). The effectiveness of three different recovery methods on blood lactate, acute muscle performance, and delayed-onset muscle soreness: A randomized comparative study. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. https://doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.19.10142-9

Arjuna, F. (2020). Pengaruh Latihan Sirkuit Dengan Interval Istirahat Tetap Dan Menurun Terhadap Komposisi Tubuh Pemain Bola Voli Putri. MEDIKORA, 19(1), 8-16.

Aryana, G. (2013). Pengaruh Pelatihan Push Up Terhadap Peningkatan Kekuatan Menarik Dan Mendorong Otot Lengan. Http://Www.Ejournal- Unisma.Net/Ojs/Index.Php/ Motion/Article/Download/2 8/26 (Diakses Pada Tanggal 24 Maret 2013). Yoda,Kekuatan Menarik Dan Mendorong Otot Lengan, 1-9.

Aryani, K. D. (2017). Pengaruh Plank Exercise Terhadap Daya Tahan Otot Lengan Dan Akurasi Memanah Siswa Sekolah Dasar Di Kota Yogyakarta. PGSD Penjaskes, 5.

Asaribab, N., & Siswantoyo, S. (2015). Identifikasi Bakat Olahraga Panahan Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar Di Kabupaten Manokwari. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 3(1), 39-55. https://doi.org/10.21831/jk.v3i1.4968

Bell, L., Ruddock, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., & Rogerson, D. (2020). Overreaching and overtraining in strength sports and resistance training: A scoping review. Journal of Sports Sciences, 38(16), 1897-1912.

Bompa, T. O., & Buzzichelli, C. (2019). Periodization: theory and methodology of training. Human kinetics.

Campo, D. R. J., Andreu Caravaca, L., Martínez-Rodríguez, A., & Rubio-Arias, J. Á. (2021). Effects of Resistance Circuit-Based Training on Body Composition, Strength and Cardiorespiratory Fitness: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Biology, 10(5), 377.

Cao, H., Lam, T., Nguyen, H., Venkattraman, A., Parent, D., & Wong, H. Y. (2021). Study of ReRAM Neuromorphic Circuit Inference Accuracy Robustness using DTCO Simulation Framework. 2021 IEEE Workshop on Microelectronics and Electron Devices (WMED), 1-4.

Coratella, G., & Schena, F. (2016). Eccentric resistance training increases and retains maximal strength, muscle endurance, and hypertrophy in trained men. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 41(11), 1184-1189.

Cronin, J., Lawton, T., Harris, N., Kilding, A., & McMaster, D. T. (2017). A brief review of handgrip strength and sport performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(11), 3187-3217.

Decheline, G., Widowati, A., Maryani, N. T. S., Ali, M., Aqobah, Q. J., Barikah, A., & Zawawi, H. D. (2020). The Effect of Bow Training on the Endurance of the Arm Muscles of the Beginner Archery at Kobar Club, Jambi City. EasyChair.

Fahrizqi, E. B., Gumantan, A., & Yuliandra, R. (2021). Pengaruh latihan sirkuit terhadap kekuatan tubuh bagian atas unit kegiatan mahasiswa olahraga panahan. Multilateral: Jurnal Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Olahraga, 20(1), 43-54.

Franssen, F. M. E., Broekhuizen, R., Janssen, P. P., Wouters, E. F. M., & Schols, A. M. W. J. (2005). Limb muscle dysfunction in COPD: Effects of muscle wasting and exercise training. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 37(1), 2-9. https://doi.org/10.1249/01.MSS.0000150082.59155.4F

Green, B., Bourne, M. N., & Pizzari, T. (2018). Isokinetic strength assessment offers limited predictive validity for detecting risk of future hamstring strain in sport: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(5), 329-336.

Jannah, M. (2017). Kecemasan dan Konsentrasi Pada Atlet Panahan. Jurnal Psikologi Teori Dan Terapan, 8(1), 53-60.

Khalafi, M., Malandish, A., Rosenkranz, S. K., & Ravasi, A. A. (2021). Effect of resistance training with and without caloric restriction on visceral fat: A systemic review and meta"analysis. Obesity Reviews, e13275.

Kunjung Ashadi. (2018). Kepelatihan Cabang Olahraga Panahan. In Presiden Republik Indonesia (Issue December 2018). https://doi.org/.1037//0033-2909.I26.1.78

Latella, C., & Haff, G. G. (2020). Global Challenges of Being a Strength Athlete during a Pandemic: Impacts and Sports-Specific Training Considerations and Recommendations. Sports, 8(7), 100.


Li, Y., Koldenhoven, R. M., Jiwan, N. C., Zhan, J., & Liu, T. (2021). Intra-trunk and arm coordination displayed by Olympic rowing athletes. Sports Biomechanics, 1-15.

Lu, Q., Li, P., Wu, Q., Liu, X., & Wu, Y. (2021). Efficiency and Enhancement in Attention Networks of Elite Shooting and Archery Athletes. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 527. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.638822

Mahesh, P. (2021). Effect of circuit training on selected physical fitness variables and skill performance among medium pace cricket bowlers in Coimbatore district. Bharathiar National Journal of Physical Education and Exercise Science (ISSN: 0976-3678) e-ISSN Applied (International Peer-Reviewed Journal), 12(1), 26-30.

Mair, J. L., De Vito, G., & Boreham, C. A. (2019). Low volume, home-based weighted step exercise training can improve lower limb muscle power and functional ability in community-dwelling older women. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 8(1), 41.

Muhammad, R., & Nasrullah, A. (2016). Pengaruh Weight Training Dan Body Weight Training. Medikora, VX(1), 97-107.

Nasrulloh, A. (2013). Pengaruh Latihan Circuit Weight Training Terhadap Kekuatan Dan Daya Tahan Otot. Jurnal Medikora.

Nasrulloh, A., Prasetyo, Y., Nugroho, S., Yuniana, R., & Wahyudin Pratama, K. (2022). The effect of weight training with compound set method on strength and endurance among archery athletes. Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES), 22(6), 1457-1463. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2022.06183

Nasrulloh, A., Yuniana, R., & Pratama, K. W. (2021). The effect of skipping combination with body weight training on cardiorespiratory endurance and body mass index (BMI) as a covid-19 prevention effort for overweight adolescents. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 9(2), 220-230. https://doi.org/10.21831/JK.V9I2.41678

Nawir, N. (2011). Kontribusi Kekuatan Otot Tangan Dan Daya Tahan Otot Lengan Dengan Kemampuan Memanah Jarak 30 Meter Pada Atlet Panahan Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Pendidikan Kepelatihan Olahraga, 2(3), 122-132.

Nyberg, A., Törnberg, A., & Wadell, K. (2016). Correlation between limb muscle endurance, strength, and functional capacity in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Physiotherapy Canada, 68(1), 46-53.

O'Connor, R. F., King, E., Richter, C., Webster, K. E., & Falvey, É. C. (2020). No relationship between strength and power scores and anterior cruciate ligament return to sport after injury scale 9 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 48(1), 78-84.

Obrusnikova, I., Firkin, C. J., Cavalier, A. R., & Suminski, R. R. (2021). Effects of resistance training interventions on muscular strength in adults with intellectual disability: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Disability and Rehabilitation, 1-14.

Ogasawara, T., Fukamachi, H., Aoyagi, K., Kumano, S., Togo, H., & Oka, K. (2021). Archery Skill Assessment Using an Acceleration Sensor. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 51(3), 221-228. https://doi.org/10.109/THMS.2020.3046435

Oliveira, A. C., & Silva, A. G. (2016). Neck muscle endurance and head posture: a comparison between adolescents with and without neck pain. Manual Therapy, 22, 62-67.

Oranchuk, D. J., Storey, A. G., Nelson, A. R., & Cronin, J. B. (2019). Isometric training and long"term adaptations: Effects of muscle length, intensity, and intent: A systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 29(4), 484-503.

Pettersson, H., Boström, C., Bringby, F., Walle-Hansen, R., Jacobsson, L. T. H., Svenungsson, E., Nordin, A., & Alexanderson, H. (2019). Muscle endurance, strength, and active range of motion in patients with different subphenotypes in systemic sclerosis: a cross-sectional cohort study. Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, 48(2), 141-148.

Prakoso, G. P. W., & Sugiyanto, F. (2017). Pengaruh metode latihan dan daya tahan otot tungkai terhadap hasil peningkatan kapasitas VO2Max pemain bola basket. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 5(2), 151-160.

Prasetyo, H., & Siswantoyo. (2018). Holding Bow Digital Test for Strength and Endurance Arm Muscles of Archery. 2nd Yogyakarta International Seminar on Health, Physical Education, and Sport Science (YISHPESS 2018) and 1st Conference on Interdisciplinary Approach in Sports (CoIS 2018), 409-411.

Prasetyo, Y. (2016). Pengaruh latihan deep breating terhadap peningkatan hasi score total jarak ronde nasional pada UKM panahan UNY. Jorpres (Jurnal Olahraga Prestasi)Ournal Olahraga Prestasi, 12, 27-35.

Pratiwi, O. I., & Mansur, M. (2018). Developing Core Stability Exercise Model of Playing Approach for Children Aged 10-12 Years to Improve Accuracy in 15 Meters Archery. 2nd Yogyakarta International Seminar on Health, Physical Education, and Sport Science (YISHPESS 2018) and 1st Conference on Interdisciplinary Approach in Sports (CoIS 2018), 447-450.

Rawe, H., Hidayah, T., & Rc, A. R. (2017). Pengaruh Metode Latihan Keseimbangan dan Daya Tahan Otot Lengan terhadap Kecepatan Mendayung Kayak 1 Jarak 200 Meter Info Artikel Abstrak Perkembangan Olahraga di Indonesia. Journal of Physical Education and Sports, 6(2), 141-147.

Rohmansyah, N. A., Rahmadhani, W., Setiyawan, S., & Hiruntrakul, A. (2020). The response of endurance capacity and aldosterone : Effects of isotonic drinks. Jurnal Keolahragaan, 8(2), 174-182.

Saing, M. W. D., Suharjana, Nasrulloh, A., Yachie, B. T. P. W. B., & Arianto, A. C. (2022). The Effect of Fixed and Changing Distance Drilling Exercise Methods on Archery Accuracy. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis, 05(08). https://doi.org/10.47191/IJMRA/V5-I8-20

Serrien, B., Witterzeel, E., & Baeyens, J.-P. (2018). The Uncontrolled Manifold Concept Reveals That the Structure of Postural Control in Recurve Archery Shooting Is Related to Accuracy. Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology, 3(3), 48.

Susanto. (2020). PENGARUH VIRUS COVID 19 TERHADAP BIDANG OLAHRAGA DI INDONESIA. Modos de Ver, 21(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2019.02.027

Tanaka, D., Suga, T., Kido, K., Honjo, T., Hamaoka, T., & Isaka, T. (2020). Acute remote ischemic preconditioning has no effect on quadriceps muscle endurance. Translational Sports Medicine, 3(4), 314-320.

WHO. (2020). Anjuran mengenai penggunaan masker dalam konteks COVID-19. World Health Organization, April, 1-17.

Wijaya, D. B., Wijono, W., & Widodo, A. (2020). Effect of Slam Waves Battle rope Exercise and Up down Waves Battle rope Exercise to Arm Strength And Arm Endurance (Study of boxing extracurricular at senior high school 3 Kediri). Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(2), 828-836.

Yachsie, B. T. P. W. B. (2019). Pengaruh Latihan Dumbell-Thera Band Terhadap Daya Tahan Otot Lengan Dan Akurasi Memanah Pada Atlet Panahan. Medikora, 18(2), 79-85. https://doi.org/10.21831/medikora.v18i2.29200

Yachsie, B. T. P. W. B. (2021). Pengaruh Metode Latihan Beban Free Weight dan Gym Machine Terhadap Kekuatan Otot Lengan Ditinjau dari Daya Tahan Otot Lengan Atlet Panahan (Issue February). Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Yachsie, B. T. P. W. B., Prasetyo, Y., & Hita, I. P. A. D. (2021). The relation between confidence level towards archery ability at 50 meters distance on archery atheletes. MEDIKORA, 20(1), 1-9. https://doi.org/doi.org/10.21831/medikora.v20i1.35916

Yoshimura, Y., Nakamura, H., Shimomura, M., Iide, K., Oda, K., & Imamura, H. (2021). Effects of high-intensity circuit training on calcaneal bone status in collegiate women. Journal of Athletic Enhancement, 10(3), 1-4.

Yulianto et al. (2015). Pengaruh Latihan Hand Grip Terhadap Peningkatan Ketepatan Tembakan Anak Panah Ke Sasaran Trianggeltarget Face Pada Klub Panahan Mustika Blora Tahun 2013. JSSF (Journal of Sport Science and Fitness), 4(2), 27-30.